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    UN’s terror list has as many as 139 Pakistanis

    Defence news, Indian arena

     

    These 139 people are identified as individuals who have lived in Pakistan or have operated from the country or have been associated with groups that used Pakistani territory for their operations. Reports TOI (Link to full article at the end…)

    Defence news, Indian arena
    This idiot refuses to die

    Defence News (TOI REPORT): The United Nations Security Council’s (UNSC) updated list of people it has designated ‘terrorists’ features as many as 139 Pakistanis, many from the Lashkar-e-Toiba (LeT) and the Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM), reported Dawn newspaper.

    These 139 are identified as individuals who have lived in Pakistan or have operated from the country or have been associated with groups that used Pakistani territory for their operations.

    Included in the list are fugitive gangster Dawood Ibrahim and, of course, 26/11 Mumbai terror mastermind Hafiz Saeed + . The UN Dawood has held several Pakistani passports issued in Rawalpindi and Karachi. It also said that he owns a “palatial bungalow in the hilly area of Noorabad, Karachi”, reported dawn

    Saeed, also a founder of LeT, is joined on the list by Haji Mohammed Yahya Mujahid, LeT’s ‘media contact’, and two people known as his deputies, Abdul Salaam and Zafar Iqbal. All three are also wanted by Interpol.

    The UNSC has listed LeT as well as its various affiliates, including al-Mansoorian, Paasban-i-Kashmir, Paasban-i-Ahle Hadith, Jamaat-ud Dawa and Falah-i-Insaniat Foundation. In fact, just yesterday the US put another Saeed organisation, his political arty Milli Muslim League, on its list of designated terror outfits.

    Meanwhile, on top of the UN’s terrorists list is al Qaida’s Ayman al-Zawahiri, who was 9/11 mastermind Osama bin Laden’s number two man. The UN said al-Zawahiri is still hiding somewhere “in the Afghanistan-Pakistan border area”, reported Dawn. (Read full article at TOI)

     

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    MoD asks IAF to issue RFI for $15-billion 100 aircraft order before DefExpo

    Defence news new 100 jet contract

    Defence News: Some good news for those watching the skies out for new IAF jets! A request for information is expected to soon be issued by IAF for a fresh order of 100 jets. Financial express reports that MOD has asked IAF to issue the RFI before the upcoming DefExpo.

    Defence news new 100 jet contract
    Saab Gripen, a possibility?

    The Ministry of Defence (MoD) has asked the Indian Air Force (IAF) to send out the request for information (RfI) for a $15-billion order for 100 fighter aircraft before the DefExpo starting April 11 in Chennai.

    Speaking to FE, an official said, “The MoD is keen that generic RfI is out before the DefExpo – this means there will be no specific mention of single- or twin-engine aircraft requirements. And, all types of fighters that participated in medium multi-role combat aircraft (MMRCA) tender of 2007 would be eligible for consideration again.”

    Full article at financial express here

    Explaining the procedure of issuing the RfI, former deputy Chief of Air Staff, Air Marshal Nirdosh Tyagi, who had been directly involved with the MMRCA process, told FE, “The defence procurement procedure-16 clearly states that RfI is not a commitment for procurement. An RfI is not structured as a rigid document, unlike an RfP. The nature of information to be sought through an RfI is clearly stated in the DPP-16. Fighter procurement has been on the list of the IAF for long. If there is requirement to issue an RfI expeditiously, I am sure the IAF will be able to do so.”

    Boeing Company’s F-18 Super Hornet, Lockheed Martin’s F-16 and Swedish Gripen, which had earlier lost out in field trials, would have upgraded their offerings by now to meet the qualitative requirements to be issued by the IAF shortly. French firm Dassault Systemes’ Rafale, the Eurofighter Typhoon and Russian Mikoyan’s MiG-35 aircraft are also potential contenders under the new requirements.

    Rafale has already sold 36 aircraft to the IAF and is hoping to increase that order size as well as ensure commonality of fleet with the Indian Navy’s requirement of 57 aircraft.

    US aerospace giant Lockheed Martin, which reportedly wanted to shift F-16 production line to India, is now offering its latest fighter machines – F-35B short takeoff/vertical landing (STOVL) variant and F-35C carrier variant. In 2017, the company had tied up with Tata Advanced Systems as its local partner and currently is in talks with several other companies to build up the supplier network.

    Boeing Company, which has been pushing its F-18 Super Hornet for both the IAF and the Indian Navy, is expected to announce a tie-up with Hindustan Aeronautics and Mahindra Group during the DefExpo later this month.

    Swedish Gripen has offered to build planes in India in collaboration with local companies as part of the Make in India and Skill India initiatives.

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    DRDO readying hi-tech security for military bases

    Spike ATGM, Defence news and analysis

    Defence news: Slowly but steadily, DRDO is working towards improving base defence by working on an automated base defence system.

    Spike ATGM, Defence news and analysis
    Unrelated image.

    Ajay Banerjee at Tribune news service reports

    Faced with problem of terrorists targeting military bases, the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) is now testing out an unmanned tech-based solution to provide security for the perimeter of such military stations. In the past few years, there have been almost a dozen attacks or attempts by terrorists to storm a military base to pick on easy targets like women and children living in the Army quarters. The DRDO is carrying out an experiment at a 4,000-acre military area in southern part of India. It has a mix of laser walls, radars, physical vibration sensors. The input is then aggregated. “Let us prove it, we will pass on this technology to the industry,” DRDO Chairman Dr S Christopher told The Tribune. Notably, the DRDO has demonstrated an unmanned ground vehicle (UGV) that can be sent to the spot to set aside any suspicion detected by the technology at the perimeter. “The UGV will have a light and camera, it can send across a live picture. But it will not have a weapon,” the DRDO chief said. Talking about radars, Dr Christopher said “We have told the Defence Minister that by 2022 the country will not need to import any type of radars.” We will look at Bharat Electronics Ltd (BEL) and also private companies. “There are good companies, who are making radars,” he said. So far DRDO has not given full-fledged radars technology to any private company. The joint work has been done between DRDO and private companies. The BEL-produced radars are a success and installed at various locations. The DRDO, he said, was working on projects as varied as submarines to satellites. Negotiations have been completed for the six Airbus- 330 planes which will be fitted with radars and surveillance equipment. At present, India uses the Boeing P8-I for looking over the sea while the Russian IL-76 has been modified or a role with the IAF.

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    Hafiz Saeed wants Pakistan to declare war on India, avenge killing of 13 terrorists by Indian Army

    Defence news, Indian arena

    Defence News:  Ok, so this maniac may fight elections in pakistan and if he rises to power, Pakistan is surely doomed. If he gets Army support and is planted as a puppet prime minister, he will be very exited to press all the buttons. Now that can get him and his country in a “death by axing his own throat” situation. Financial express reports in their full article here.

    Defence news, Indian arena

    A day after the Indian Army killed 13 terrorists in Jammu and Kashmir, Jamaat-ud-Dawa (JuD) chief and Mumbai terror attack mastermind Hafiz Saeed vowed to avenge the killings. In a video released after the Army’s operation, a jittery Saeed can be heard asking the Pakistani government to declare war on India. Saeed also lashed out at his country’s federal government for not heeding to the concerns of Kashmiri people.

    He said that the government should effectively raise the issue of “atrocities against Kashmiris” by the Indian Army at all platforms. He said that the government should take note of the situation prevailing in the Valley.

    Saeed noted that the world including the United Nations has turned a blind eye towards the youths of Kashmir. He said that he is not worried about the world’s silence on the cause but what has disappointed him is the Pakistan government’s inaction. “Leave all the works, it is not the right time for self-projection … Kashmiris are calling, they are calling Pakistan, they are looking towards Pakistan,” he said. Saeed also made an appeal to the people to support the two-day bandh call given by Hurriyat leaders in Kashmir.

    The Army has been conducting operations in Kashmir under its ‘Operation Allout’ to eliminate terror groups from the Valley who are targeting innocent civilians and defence installations. In one of the worst round of clashes between armed officials and terrorists this year, security forces killed 13 militants in Shophian and Anantnag districts yesterday. While one terrorist was killed in Dialgam in Anantnag district, one was arrested there. Seven terrorists were killed in Dragad village of Shopian district and five in Kachdoora village in the same district. Three soldiers were also martyred in the gunbattle.

    In 2018 alone, security forces have neutralised about 50 terrorists.

    Hafiz Saeed, who carries a bounty of USD 10 million by the US, runs Lahore-based terror group JuD. He claims that the JuD is involved in humanitarian activities across Pakistan. The group has been blacklisted by the US.

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    Foreign nationals soon to loose 12,000 acres of enemy properties in India

    defence news, enemy property

    Properties belonging to foreign nationals who have migrated to Pakistan and China during the India-Pakistan Partition, will no longer have rights to claim their properties left behind in India also known as enemy properties in India following the amendment of the 49-year-old law that has been protecting these properties. [original source, full article]

    defence news, enemy property
    Representative image only. Copyright: defenceupdates.com

    The Indian Government had seized back then nearly 12,000 acres of properties belonging to migrated foreign nationals or the enemy properties as coined for them after India’s war with China in 1962 and with Pakistan in 1965, TOI reports.

    These properties include lands, buildings, firms, shares, bank balance, provident funds and other immovable properties which were seized by the Indian Government and are currently administered by the Custodian of Enemy Property for India. The Government’s move to seize these enemy properties was in response to the foreign-enemy countries failing to compensate Indian citizens for their properties left behind, seized during wars.

    According to the recently submitted details by Home Ministry in Lok Sabha, the immovable properties left behind by Pakistani nationals is spread across 12,000 acres of land, valued at over Rs 1 Lakh crore.

    After the war broke out between India and Pakistan, a treaty was signed in 1966 known as Tashkent Declaration which included a clause about these properties. The clause clearly stated the two countries will discuss returning of these properties and assets seized by Governments in respect to war.

    However, Pakistan Government had reportedly sold all the enemy properties owned by Indian Citizens in 1971 while India remained to continue with the treaty and administered these properties under Custodian of Enemy Properties.

    Among the all the states UP and West Bengal have over 80 percent of these enemy immovable properties belonging to Pakistani nationals and some belonging to Chinese Nationals. Other states like Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Uttaranchal, Gujarat, Delhi and other states have 11,641 crores, 1,797 crores, 1,774 crores, 1,375 crores, 928 crores, 845 crores, 817 crores and 1,724 crores of immovable enemy properties respectively.

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    Why Rohingya Muslims must be deported from India

    Defence news: In the early hours of August 25, around 150 men armed with machetes, bombs and other weapons launched coordinated attacks on 24 police camps and an army base in Myanmar’s Rakhine state. The night left 71 dead. It also announced to the world the coming of age of the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army, a terror outfit led by Ata Ullah, a Rohingya man born in Karachi and brought up in Mecca.

    But that is not the insurgency’s only Pakistan connection. Burmese, Bangladeshi and Indian intelligence agencies have found Pakistan’s terror groups hiring Rohingyas from Bangladesh’s refugee camps, training and arming them. Groups like Lashkar-e-Taiba are already out shopping.

    In this backdrop, it is not just wise but urgent for India to deport 40,000 Rohingya Muslim refugees whom it has identified as illegal immigrants. There is a clear and present social, economic and security danger. And if India does not set down the rules of the game right now, it will be difficult to argue against and stop influx later.

    The Rohingya conflict is undeniably a massive humanitarian disaster. But such disasters are best addressed locally — putting international pressure, working with the government there, sending shiploads of aid. But you do not solve a crisis by importing it. Ask Europe.

    India is among nations worst affected by Islamic terrorism. It has its serious demographic challenges. Thousands of Rohingya refugees, most of them settled in Jammu and Kashmir where already Islamist separatism is raging, are a people ripe for terror hiring and indoctrination.

    Rohingya groups have been engaged in armed militancy since the 1940s with the aim of seceding from Myanmar and creating an Islamist state.

    In her, The Diplomat piece ‘The Truth About Myanmar’s Rohingya Issue’, Jasmine Chia argues: “In even a cursory survey of Rohingya history, it is clear that the Rohingya are not an ethnic, but rather a political construction. There is evidence that Muslims have been living in Rakhine state (at the time under the Arakan kingdom) since the 9th century, but a significant number of Muslims from across the Bay of Bengal (at the time a part of India, now Bangladesh) immigrated to British Burma with the colonialists in the 20th century.”

    They are, she argues, Muslims of Bengali ethnic origin. “The group referred to as “Rohingya” by contemporary Rohingya scholars (and most of the international community) today actually display huge diversity of ethnic origins and social backgrounds, and… existence of a ‘single identity’ is difficult to pinpoint.”

    Chia quotes Rakhine history expert Jacques P Leider from Rohingya: The Name, The Movement, The Quest for Identity. “By narrowing the debate on the Rohingyas to the legal and humanitarian aspects, editorialists around the world have taken an easy approach towards a complicated issue… where issues like ethnicity, history, and cultural identity are key ingredients of legitimacy.”

    Nuances of the ethnicity debate apart, India’s more immediate concern is an outpour of sympathy among mostly Left-leaning intellectuals and a section of Muslims towards Rohingya refugees and a legal challenge by lawyer-politician Prashant Bhushan to its decision to deport them.

    Bhushan has argued that Rohingya refugees are Constitutionally protected. Right to equality (Article 14), life and personal liberty (Article 21) is available to everybody who “lives in India” irrespective of his being a citizen or non-citizen or refugees.

    Those challenging deportation also argue that India may not have signed UN Refugee Convention, but the agreement has become a customary international law and all countries have to follow it. Under it, there is a principle of “Non-Refoulement” which prohibits the deportation of refugees to a country where they face threat to their life or persecution. Also, that UNHCR has recognised Rohingyas and given them refugee status and so they cannot be deported.

    However, India can lean on the “Foreigners Act”, which vests absolute and unfettered discretion in the Union government to expel foreigners, especially those residing illegally without valid papers. Legal experts who support deportation argue that the Supreme Court in “Hans Muller of Nuremburg vs Superintendent, Presidency” gave “absolute and unfettered” power to the government to throw out foreigners. It was again upheld by the SC in “Mr Louis De Raedt & Ors vs Union of India”.

     Full article

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    Spike ATGM private Missile Production Unit ; Thanks to Israel

    Spike ATGM, Defence news and analysis

    Defence News: Thanks to Israel and Baba Kalyani group, India is all set to see Spike ATGM getting produced and exported locally. Besides enabling a great option for Indian forces to procure a world class ATGM with ease, it is a win for make in India initiative. The 2.5 KM weapon will be produced in India with 90% local sourcing.

    Spike ATGM, Defence news and analysis

    Manorama reports (full article): Kalyani group and Israel’s state- run Rafael Advanced Defence Systems together commissioned a Rs 70 crore anti-tank, guided missile production facility Thursday.

    Kalyani Rafael Advanced Systems, the joint venture between the two with 51 per cent ownership resting with Kalyani group, would be the first private sector entity to manufacture such weapon systems in the country.

    Kalyani group chairman Baba Kalyani said the JV is ready to supply the missile, Spike, to the Army, and 90 per cent of its components will be sourced locally.

    “The Spike missile is a fully-built ATGM (anti-tank guided missile) unit, except for the explosives and the propellants, and we can supply this 2.5 km range weapon to the Army within a couple of weeks of getting orders,” Kalyani said.

    The 24,000 sq.ft facility was set up in under 10 months and can produce “thousands of missiles”, Kalyani said, adding the company will look for overseas customers if the Army delays orders.

    When asked what is making the Army delay its order as Spike is fully tested and approved by it, Kalyani said there were “procedural delays”.

    It can be noted that the first `Request for Qualification’ for anti-tank guided missile production was invited in 2010 but nothing moved as there was a lack of policy clarity on FDI in the defence sector.

    Kalyani today said the JV is ready to invest another Rs 60-70 crore in the facility, depending on government or overseas orders, over the next two years.

    “We see USD 1 billion worth business opportunity with this business vertical. We also have plans to begin production of Spike missile, which is an air-to-surface weapon, for the Air Force soon,” he said.

    Kalyani Strategic Systems, the defence vertical of the USD 2.5 billion group having its origins in auto components, entered into the joint venture with USD 3 billion Israeli government-owned Rafael in 2015.

    “The JV will invest in high-end technology and advanced manufacturing techniques to design, develop and manufacture weapon systems for the defence forces.

    “This venture will offer direct employment to 300 and indirectly to around 1,000 people through its hundreds of vendors who are all in the small scale sector,” Kalyani added.

    The plant was inaugurated by Telangana industries, commerce & IT minister Kalvakuntla Taraka Rama Rao in the presence of Israeli envoy Daniel Carmon.

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    2 state villages chosen by DRDO for setting up radar to track enemy

    Defence news, brahmos and air defence missile systems

    Defence News: India just stepped up it’s tactical missile production capacity for good reason. Threats from the east and west continue to rise and irresponsible and land hungry powers continue to stockpile weapons meant for India. The Air defence missile system and brahmos are going to get a boost now, to face the adversary if and when the time comes.

    Defence news, brahmos and air defence missile systems

    DNA (Full Article) Two little known villages in Alwar and Pali districts will soon gain strategic importance as they have been selected by the Defence Ministry’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) for setting up radars to track enemy missiles.

    The forest department has cleared the acquisition of 850 hectares of land in Khoa in Alwar district and 350 hectares in Roopnagar for installing ballistic missile defence grid that will protect the western and northern parts of the country.

    This was done after the union ministry of environment and forest in 2014 cleared the DRDO proposal on the conditions laid down by the ministry.

    According to A K Singh, additional principle chief conservator of forest, the state government following the clearance given by the union ministry has allotted then land to to DRDO.

    The ballistic missile defence grid will help guard New Delhi and Mumbai.

    The state government has also allotted 80 hectares of land in Pilani for setting up the Bramhos missile assembly line .

    These two sites in the state have been strategically chosen by DRDO and has a stealth feature. The ballistic missile defence system can be put in place at short notice.

    To counter air-borne threats, DRDO will put a mixture of counter-attack missiles which will be able to shoot down enemy missiles both within the earth’s atmosphere (endo-atmospheric) and outside it (exo-atmospheric).

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    India constructing more Advance OPVs for Sri Lanka

    indian defence news, lanka india export naval vessel ship

    Defence news: India is slowly waking up to counter Chinese defence exports and encirclement of India. Weapons marketing is one area where nations make their most diplomatic muscle as far as export goes. This is one area where China has a lead, but hopefully India is ready to counter that. Indian export to lanka was in competition to Chinese offer. We hope to see more Indian products in this segment benefiting partners and pushing back the Chinese for good.

    indian defence news, lanka india export naval vessel ship

    ISLAND LANKA: President Maithripala Sirisena on Wednesday (Aug 2) afternoon commissioned Sri Lanka’s newest acquisition; Indian built Advanced Offshore Patrol Vessel (AOPV) SLNS Sayurala (P 623) at the Eastern Container Terminal of the Colombo port.

    The length and the width of the ship are 105.7m and 13.6m respectively. President Sirisena received a naval guard of honour on his arrival at the Eastern Container Terminal. Subsequently, the first Commanding Officer of the ship, Captain Nishantha Amarosa received the commissioning warrant from President Sirisena after the review of the guard of honour.Thereupon, Captain Amarosa read out the Commissioning Warrant. Thereafter the President with the Commander of the Navy by his side unveiled the ship’s crest and name board

    In addition to SLNS Sayurala, Sri Lanka intends to acquire three more OPVs in accordance with SLN maritime strategy 2025.

    Indian government owned Goa Shipyard Limited built the AOPV under an agreement signed in Feb 2014. Wartime Defence Secretary Gotabhaya Rajapaksa signed the agreement on behalf of Sri Lanka.

    Authoritative navy sources told The Island that according to plans developed during the current Navy Chief Vice Admiral Ravindra Wijegunaratne’s tenure, Sri Lanka intended to deploy 20 ships by 2025. The proposed 20 vessel navy included eight in service before the acquisition of AOPV. The eight included four OPVs (SLNS Sayura, SLNS Samudura, SLNS Sagara and SLNS Jayasagara) two Fast Missile Vessels (SLNS Suranimala and SLNS Nandimitra) and two Fast Patrol Boats received from Australia. Twelve vessels expected to be acquired over the next couple of years comprises four OPVs, including the AOPV commissioned on Wednesday, two Fast Missile Vessels, two Frigates, two Fast Patrol Boats and two Corvettes.

    Secretary, Defence Production India Ashok Kumar Gupta and Managing Director of the Goa Shipyard Limited retired Rear Admiral Shekhar Mital attended the event.

    Flag Officer Commander in Chief Southern Naval Command-Indian Navy, Vice Admiral A.R. Karve was also present.

    Goa Shipyard Limited is building a second AOPV ordered by Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka didn’t acquire brand new ships during the war that ended in May 2009. Sri Lanka will take delivery of a second vessel next year.

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    Indian Navy is set to get the most deadly Submarine

    Indian defence, navy underwater arm

    Defence News: Indian Navy is finally getting it’s new Scorpene, the first of 6, these are the same subs for which data had been leaked earlier. Despite the obvious giveaway, Change in a few areas will ensure the IN subs are not vulnerable to enemy still holding it’s specification data. Indian Navy badly need these subs and more. We need to add not only AIP machines but nuclear attack and hunter subs to balance against the Chinese and Pakistanis.

    Indian defence, navy underwater arm

    Economic times (full Article): After years of delay, India’s navy is preparing to take delivery of one of the world’s stealthiest and most deadly fighting tools: the INS Kalvari, an attack submarine named after a deep-sea tiger shark.

    The commissioning later this month of the Scorpene class submarine is a milestone in India’s effort to rebuild its badly depleted underwater fighting force, and the first of six on order. It comes as China’s military expands its fleet to nearly 60 submarines — compared to India’s 15 — and increases its forays into the Indian Ocean in what New Delhi strategists see as a national security challenge.

    A Chinese Yuan-class diesel-powered submarine entered the Indian ocean in May and is still lurking, according to an Indian naval officer who asked not to be identified, citing policy. It’s an unwelcome reminder of China’s rapidly expanding naval strength at a time when Indian and Chinese soldiers are engaged in a border dispute stand-off in Bhutan. China’s defense ministry didn’t respond to a faxed request for comment.

    The official opening in July of China’s first naval base at Djibouti at the western end of the Indian Ocean, recent submarine sales to Pakistan and Bangladesh and a visit last year of a Chinese nuclear-powered submarine to Karachi, have also exposed how unprepared India’s navy is to meet underwater challenges.

    “The lack of long-term planning and procurement commitment in defense acquisition plans can be considered tantamount to negligence” by the Indian government, said Pushan Das, a research fellow at the New Delhi-based Observer Research Foundation’s National Security Program. India needs to “counter increasing PLA-N activities in the region,” he said, referring to the People’s Liberation Army Navy.

    Ministry of Defence spokesman Nitin Wakankar would not comment on the Indian Navy’s submarine fleet plan.

     

    Dwindling Fleet ::

    Since 1996, India’s attack submarine fleet has dwindled to 13 diesel-electric vessels from 21 as the navy failed to replace retired boats. The entire fleet — a mixture of Russian-origin Kilo class vessels and German HDW submarines — is at least 20 years old. All have been refitted to extend their operational lives until at least 2025.

    In contrast, China’s underwater fleet boasts five nuclear-powered attack submarines and 54 diesel-powered attack submarines. By 2020, the force will likely grow to between 69 and 78 submarines, according to the Pentagon’s latest report on China’s military.

    Still, analysts say it will be years before China can pose a credible threat to India in the Indian Ocean.

    “Simple geography gives India a huge strategic advantage in the Indian Ocean,” said David Brewster, a senior research fellow with the National Security College at the Australian National University in Canberra. “And although China has been sending in submarines, you have to understand they are probably decades away from being able to seriously challenge India there, especially while the United States is present.”

    China’s navy needs to enter the Indian Ocean through narrow choke points like the Malacca Strait that runs between Indonesia and Malaysia. Indian surveillance planes deployed to Andaman & Nicobar Islands patrol the area, and one spotted the Chinese submarine in May.

    In the meantime, India is slowly upgrading its underwater fleet.

    The INS Kalvari is the first of six French-made Scorpene submarines on order in a 236 billion rupee ($3.7 billion) project awarded in 2005 to the state-owned defense shipyard Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Ltd. and France’s Naval Group, formerly known as DCNS Group. Junior defense minister Subhash Bhamre said in July that the first of these would be delivered in August.

    In February 2015 India approved the construction of six nuclear-powered attack submarines. Few details have been released about the 600 billion rupee program.

    And on July 21, India initiated another program to build six more diesel submarines. It sent information requests to six manufacturers — Germany’s ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems GmbH, Naval Group of France, Madrid-based Navantia SA, Sweden’s Saab AB, a Russia-Italian joint venture called Russian Rubin Design Bureau and a consortium between Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd. and Kawasaki Heavy Industries Ltd. The project is worth about 500 billion rupees.

  • ,

    India marching towards Self Reliance in Defence

    Defence news, india rising in defence arena

    Defence news, india rising in defence arena

    Defence News: Slowly and steadily, India is moving towards self reliance on defence, but more needs to be done in that area. The military industrial defence complex is at a startup stage and requires constant hand holding by the government besides new orders and commitment by the forces to partner and improve the product line.

    The Sentinel assam ran this great story. By Union Minister for Defence, Finance and Corporate Affairs. (full source): Can a nation aspiring to be a superpower continue to depend on import of defence equipment and ignore the development of its Indigenous defence production or defence industrial base? Definitely not. Indigenous defence production or defence industrial base are the essential components of long term strategic planning of a country.

    The heavy reliance on imports is not only disturbing from the perspective of strategic policy and the role India has to play in the security of the region, but is also a matter of concern from the economic point of view in terms of the potential for growth and employment generation. Though all the aspects of power constitute a superpower, the military power is a key to a nation’s rise to great or superpower status.

    Going back into the history, Indian defence industry has a history of more than 200 years. During the British period, ordnance factories were set up to manufacture guns and ammunitions. The first ordnance factory was set up at Cossipore in 1801. A total of 18 factories were set up before independence.

    At present, India’s defence industrial base comprises 41 ordnance factories geographically spread across the country, 9 Defence Public Sector Undertakings (DPSUs), more than 200 private sector license holder companies and a few thousand Small, Medium and Micro enterprises feeding to the large manufacturers and Defence Public Sector Undertakings (DPSUs). More than 50 defence laboratories of DRDO are also part of the entire eco-system of defence manufacturing in the country.

    Till about the year 2000, most of our major defence equipment and weapon systems were either imported or were produced in India by ordnance factories or DPSUs under licensed production. DRDO, being the only defence R&D agency in the country, actively contributed to the technology development and supplemented the efforts of indigenization to a large extent. As a result of the efforts of DRDO and DPSUs in R&D and manufacturing, the country has reached a stage, where we have developed capabilities in manufacturing of almost all types of defence equipments and systems.

    Today, as per a rough analysis, out of our total defence procurement, 40 per cent is indigenous production. In some of the major platforms, a significant amount of indigenization has been achieved. For example, T-90 tank has 74 per cent indigenization, Infantry Combat Vehicle (BMP II) has 97 per cent indigenization, Sukhoi 30 fighter aircraft has 58 per cent indigenization, Konkurs Missile has 90 per cent indigenization.

    Apart from the indigenization level achieved in platforms being manufactured under licensed production, we have also achieved success in developing some of the major systems indigenously through our own R&D. These include Akash Missile System, Advance Light Helicopters, Light Combat Aircraft, Pinaca rockets, various types of radars such as Central Acquisition Radar, Weapon Locating Radar, Battlefield Surveillance Radar etc. These systems also have more than 50-60per cent indigenous content.

    With the above progress made through the State-owned manufacturing companies and DRDO, the time was right to expand the defence industrial base by including the private sector in the fold of Indian defence industry. In 2001, the Government allowed the entry of private sector into defence manufacturing along with Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) up to 26 per cent. It is our endeavour to harness the potential of the entire spectrum of the industry and expertise available in the country in our journey towards building our own defence industrial base, ultimately leading to the self-reliance. Though the entry of private sector was opened up in 2001, the growth of private sector participation in defence manufacturing was insignificant till about 3-4 years back and it was largely limited to production of parts and components to be supplied to ordnance factories and DPSUs. With liberalization in the licensing regime in last 3 years, 128 licenses have been issued for manufacturing of various defence items, whereas in the last 14 years before that period, only 214 licenses were issued.

    Defence being a monopsony sector, where Government is the only buyer, the structure and growth of the domestic defence industry is driven by the procurement policy of the Government. The Government has, therefore, fine-tuned the procurement policy to give preference to indigenously manufactured equipments. To further promote manufacturing of strategic platforms viz. fighter aircrafts, helicopters, submarines and armoured vehicles, the Government has recently announced a Strategic Partnership Policy, where shortlisted Indian companies can form joint ventures (JVs) or establish other kinds of partnerships with foreign Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) to manufacture such platforms in India with Transfer of Technology.

    The policies and initiatives taken in the last 3 years have started showing results. Three years back, in 2013-14, where only 47.2 per cent of the capital procurement was made from Indian vendors, in the year 2016-17, it has gone up to 60.6 per cent.
    To promote indigenous design, development and manufacturing of defence equipment within the country, the Government has undertaken a series of policy and process reforms. These include liberalization of licensing and FDI policy, streamlining Offset guidelines, rationalization of export control processes, and addressing level playing issues between public and private sector.

  • ,

    IAF reactivating numberplated squadrons? Air Force Station may revive in Adilabad

    defence news iaf reviving numberplated sqadrons

    defence news iaf reviving numberplated sqadrons

    Defence News: IAF may be looking to revive it’s number plated squadrons in the medium run. New aircraft, hopes for new production lines for single jet aircraft and growing threats has prompted IAF to look towards expansion of the force to full authorized levels. It may be noted that the air force is already running low on jets and retiring fleets pose a serious challenge. However new fighters will change this sooner than later. The government is moving but not at a pace that’s desired.

    The Hindu reports (full article here): The Defence Ministry’s reported consent for handing over Secunderabad’s Bison Polo Grounds to the State Government for construction of State secretariat and other facilities has come as good news for the people living in villages surrounding the old aerodrome in far away Adilabad town.

    They hope the development would lead to the Government giving its nod for acquiring their lands for establishment of an Air Force Station there, a proposal which has been gathering dust for over three years now.

    Rumours were flying thick and fast that the State Government had linked the issue of giving clearance for land acquisition only if the Defence Ministry agreed to exchange Bison Polo Grounds for open land elsewhere. The Government is apparently of the view that the grounds will be conducive for its development plans, among which is the one to ease traffic congestion.

    If things move in the right direction, the fortunes of the backward Adilabad district will change. A full-fledged AFS could mean healthy economic activity which can benefit the locals.

    The Indian Air Force, which controls the 369-acre aerodrome just outside Adilabad town built by the Nizam of Hyderabad in in the 1930s, had urged the Adilabad district administration in April 2014 to identify sufficient extent of land for establishment of a full-fledged AFS.

    In May that year, about 1,600 acres of land which is contiguous with the aerodrome was identified in the limits of Khanapur (481 acres), Anukunta (535 acres), Kachkanti (313 acres) and Thantoli (261 acres) villages.

    In September, then incumbent Air Marshal Ramesh Rai, Air Officer Commanding in Chief, Bangalore, met Chief Minister K. Chandrasekhar Rao urging him to expedite parting of land through acquisition.

    Later that year, the government department concerned in principle agreed to the proposal of the IAF to acquire the land in question and the file is reported to be with the Chief Minister since then.

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    China says India quietly building troops and upgrading infra amid border stand off

    Defence news china india standoff

    Defence news china india standoff

    Defence News: (Economic times full article) China’s Foreign Ministry on Thursday said India has been building up troops and repairing roads along its side of the border amid an increasingly tense stand-off in a remote frontier region beside the Himalayan kingdom of Bhutan.

    The stand-off on a plateau next to the mountainous Indian state of Sikkim, which borders China, has ratcheted up tension between the neighbours, who share a 3,500-km (2,175-mile) frontier, large parts of which are disputed.

    “It has already been more than a month since the incident, and India is still not only illegally remaining on Chinese territory, it is also repairing roads in the rear, stocking up supplies, massing a large number of armed personnel,” the foreign ministry said in a statement.

    “This is certainly not for peace.”

    Early in June, according to the Chinese interpretation of events, Indian guards crossed into China’s Donglang region and obstructed work on a road on the plateau.

    The two sides’ troops then confronted each other close to a valley controlled by China that separates India from its close ally, Bhutan, and gives China access to the so-called Chicken’s Neck, a thin strip of land connecting India and its remote northeastern regions.

    India has said it warned China that construction of the road near their common border would have serious security implications.

    In a separate statement, China’s Defence Ministry said China had shown goodwill and that its forces had exercised utmost restraint, but warned “restraint has a bottom line” and that India must dispel any illusions.

    “No country should underestimate the Chinese military’s confidence in and ability to fulfil its mission of safeguarding peace, and should not underestimate the Chinese military’s determination and will to defend the country’s sovereignty, security and development interests,” it said.

    Despite China’s numerous diplomatic representations, its foreign ministry said, India has not only not withdrawn its troops but has also been making “unreasonable demands” and is not sincere about a resolution.

    “If India really cherishes peace, it ought to immediately withdraw its personnel who have illegally crossed the border into the Indian side.”

    Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi is to visit China early in September for a summit of BRICS leaders.

    Indian officials say about 300 soldiers from either side are facing each other about 150 meters (yards) apart on the plateau.

  • ,

    Pakistan government website hacked

    defence news hacking site pakistani

    defence news hacking site pakistani

    Defence News: (Source: Economic times) The Pakistan government website was today reportedly hacked briefly by unknown hackers who posted the Indian national anthem and Independence Day greetings on the web page.

    The website — pakistan.gov.pk — at around 1500 hours IST displayed a message showing “Hacked by Ne0-h4ck3r”.

    The hackers posted Ashoka Chakra in Tricolour, along with Indian Independence Day message.

    The greetings’ headline read “15 August, Happy Independence Day”.

    The message posted thereafter read “Freedom in the Mind, Faith in the words…Pride in our Souls…Let’s salute those great men, who made this possible”.

    The message was followed by the Indian national anthem “Jana gana Mana…”.

    There was no official response from the Foreign Office in Islamabad and the Pakistan High Commission in New Delhi.

  • ,

    U.S. to raise India’s bid for permanent seat in UNSC

    Defence news

    Defence news

    Defence News: Economic Times (Source article)

    The United States has reaffirmed its support for India’s bid for a permanent seat in a reformed UN Security Council (UNSC). State Department spokesperson Heather Nauert, said, “”I believe U.S. ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley is going to raise the issue at the United Nations.”

    Terming Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to the United States as a wonderful experience, Nauert said, “U.S had a lovely visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. It was certainly wonderful to have him here in the United States. I know the President enjoyed hosting him, as did the Secretary as well.”

    Nauert, a former Fox News host, said “U.S. is certainly aware of the elections that India will hold in 2019.”

    During Prime Minister Modi’s visit to United States in June, President Trump reaffirmed the support of the United States for India’s permanent membership on a reformed UN Security Council and in other multilateral institutions like the Nuclear Suppliers Group.

    “As global non-proliferation partners, the United States expressed strong support for India’s early membership in the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), the Wassenaar Arrangement, and the Australia Group,” the India-U.S. joint statement said.

  • ,

    China, Move Over! India Considers Its Own ‘Silk Road’, Invites Iran to Join In

    Defence news: CPEC killer

    Defence news: CPEC killer

    Defence News: (Full Article, Sputnik) India has pitched the idea of a transport corridor to Iran, Russia, the Caucasus region and Central Asia as an alternative to China’s “One Belt, One Road” project.

    The proposed corridor, dubbed North-South, would stretch to Russia via Iran and connect the Persian Gulf and the Indian Ocean with the Caspian Sea, thus making the Islamic Republic a key player in the region.
    In an interview with Sputnik Persian, Iranian political analyst Pir Mohammad Mollazehi spoke about the potential benefits the North-South project promised Iran and Russia.

    “What makes the North-South corridor so important is that it would bring transportation costs and travel time down by 30 percent. It is with these considerations in mind that Iran, Russia and India are now discussing the use of the Chabahar or Bender Abbas ports to bring cargoes to the Iranian ports on the Caspian Sea,” Pir Mohammad Mollazehi said.

    He added that India was also looking for a way to deliver its goods by rail or by road to Russia and Europe.

    “They could also build a railway between Chabahar and Bender Abbas to haul cargoes to Khorasan and further on to Central Asia. We expect India to get more actively involved in this project and invest more in the development of the Chabahar port, which is a gateway to Afghanistan and Central Asia,” Pir Mohammad Mollazehi noted.

    The proposed corridor, dubbed North-South, would stretch to Russia via Iran and connect the Persian Gulf and the Indian Ocean with the Caspian Sea, thus making the Islamic Republic a key player in the region.
    In an interview with Sputnik Persian, Iranian political analyst Pir Mohammad Mollazehi spoke about the potential benefits the North-South project promised Iran and Russia.

  • ,

    Govt plans to raise a police force to guard India’s coastline

    Defence News

    Defence News

    Defence news: Hindustan times (Full article)The government is planning to raise a new police force exclusively to guard India’s 7,000km-long coastline, which is porous and has allowed terrorists to cause mayhem on the mainland as was done during the 2008 Mumbai terror attack.

    According to the home ministry, the force would be under the control of the central government and named Coastal Border Police Force.

    “The proposal to raise the new force was discussed at a meeting called for review of all issues of all central paramilitary forces,” a home ministry spokesman said on Thursday after the meeting.

    At present, the Indian Navy is responsible for maritime security while the Coast Guard secures territorial waters.

    Surrounded by water on three sides, India doesn’t have a force to guard its coastline.

    This vulnerability was exploited when 10 Pakistani Lashkar-e-Taiba terrorists took the sea route to Mumbai and held India’s financial capital hostage for three days, killing 164 people.

    In 1993, arms and explosives for the Mumbai serial blasts, too, were came through sea.

    After the 2008 Mumbai attack, more than 170 coastal police stations have come up, equipped with boats, cars and motorcycles to guard the coastline.

    The proposal for the coastal force was still at an early stage and was being worked on, a home ministry official, who attended the meeting chaired by minister Rajnath Singh, said.

  • ,

    Sukhoi PAK-FA Could Soon Power India’s 5th Generation Fighter

    Defence news sputnik

    Defence news sputnik

    Defence News: SPUTNIK (Full Article link) As a high-level committee clears the deck for signing the second stage of the Indo-Russia fifth generation fighter aircraft (FGFA) project, it is expected the Indian Air Force (IAF) will receive the fifth generation fighter just when 11 squadrons of obsolete MiG-21s and MiG-27s are set to retire in 2024.

    Industry people involved with the decade-long project expect the deal to be signed in the coming months as most contentious issues have been resolved including costs. Early conclusion of the R&D contract will pave way for testing Indo-Russia FGFA fighter to the IAF in the next three years with the flying platform made by the Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL). The FGFA will be based on the Sukhoi-designed PAK-FA.

    “The IAF FGFA would be powered by the second stage engine of the PAK-FA which is still under development. PAK-FA is being developed using NPO Saturn AL-41F1 engine, which will also power the initial production lot. The second stage engine, unofficially referred to as Product 30, is expected to start flight trials in end-2017,” Vijainder K. Thakur, senior editor of Geopolitics and former IAF squadron leader, said.

    It is considered that compared to the AL-41F1, the new engine is 30% lighter, features improved thrust (19,000 kgf vs 15,000 kgf), better fuel efficiency and fewer moving parts resulting in improved reliability and 30% lower life-cycle cost. Highly efficient supercruise engine puts an end to the concern earlier raised by the IAF about the engine power of the T-50.

    Integration of the Product 30 engine and flight testing on the PAK-FA could take 2-3 years, which would give time to redesign the airframe for a second cockpit and integrate India-specific electronics and flight computers.

    “If we join now, we will still get a significant part of the work share, thanks to delays in the PAK-FA project. HAL would co-design the avionics, including navigation systems, radars and weapon aiming devices. This is the heart of the fighter’s combat ability,” T Suvarna Raju, chief of HAL, the Indian partner of the project, told Business Standard.

    Another concern, reported in Indian and Western media, was the exorbitant price demanded by Russia, which was actually not the case. Defensenews had reported in May this year that, ‘Russians are demanding more than $7 billion as part of India’s share in the development of the FGFA.’ Another Indian media outlet said IAF will run out of cash as Russia has asked it to purchase 127 such aircraft at a cost of $135 million each.

  • ,

    Kalyani Group Unveils Facility To Supply Anti-Tank Guided Missiles To Indian Army

    defence news indian scenario
    defence news indian scenario
    Image credit: militarytoday.com

    Defence News: (Bloomberg quint except) The Kalyani Group unveiled its facility in Hyderabad to build anti-tank guided missiles for the Indian Army with its Israeli joint venture partner as part of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s ‘Make in India’ initiative.

    The order, which awaits final approvals, includes supplying thousands of Spike missiles valued at around $1 billion over next couple of years, Baba Kalyani, chairman of $2.5-billion forging-to-engineering Kalyani Group, told reports at the launch. The group has inked a 51:49 percent joint venture with Rafael Advanced Defense Systems Ltd.

    India, the world’s biggest importer of arms and defence equipment, is looking to boost local manufacturing by pushing domestic private companies to tie up with overseas peers for technology.

    The Kalyani Strategic Systems Ltd. and Rafael will manufacture and integrate Spike anti-tank guided missile systems and spice glider bombs in India. It will supply the Indian Army 321 Spike ATGM launchers, 8,356 missiles, 15 training simulators and associated accessories.

    All field trials for the missile have been completed, said Kalyani. The missile will have close to 90 percent localised content, he said. The deal involves transfer of technology to state-owned Bharat Dynamics Ltd. and option to produce additional missile launchers and missiles. The state-owned company will integrate ammunition with the missile.

    “We have already invested close to $70 million as preparation for this order,” said Yoav Har-Even, president and chief executive officer of Rafael Advanced Defense Systems. The company has been developing and training small and medium enterprises around Hyderabad to supply to the Kalyani-Rafael facility.

    This is Kalyani Group’s second partnership with an Israeli company. It struck the first one with BF Elbit Advanced Systems Pvt. for artillery guns. The venture with Rafael Advanced Defense is one of the first to be off the block under ‘Make in India’ to manufacture high tech missiles in India.

    “Both partners have invested around Rs 60-70 crore to build the facility. We would be investing another Rs 60-70 crore as we scale operations,” said Kalyani.

    Full article at Bloomberg quint

  • ,

    India’s IL-78 Fleet Rusting Away Hangar-Less Since 2003, Says Auditor

    Defence news: IL76

    Defence News: Mismanagement related to IL-78 refueling aircraft has come to light recently, Six air tankers had been procured by IAF and they have not had their share of a shady parking. As a result, the aircraft condition is deteriorating. This is not desirable especially when India uses aircraft well beyond their service life and expects high serviceability rates.

    Defence news: IL76

    Sputnik Excerpt: India’s top auditor, the Comptroller and Auditor General, has revealed that the Indian Air Force’s (IAF) fleet of six IL-78 refueling aircraft has been rusting in the open because of a lack of hangars. There is only one hangar for the six planes, the CAG noted.

    The CAG report tabled in Parliament said the IAF is missing pivotal infrastructure and dedicated refueling corridor for its air-to-air refueling IL-78s. CAG also points out the aircraft require 11480 feet to 15022 feet-long runway for the carrying of optimum quantity of fuel but of the 10 airfields, only one is 10500 feet long. “Six IL-78 aircraft were procured during 2003-04, but only one hangar is available. Due to non-availability of hangers, the costly air assets remained in the open which adversely affected their serviceability and life,” CAG report tabled in the Parliament reads.

    “Aircraft hangars are required for scheduled and unscheduled maintenance activity and runway for taking off and landing. Limited availability of these will adversely impact maintenance and operational efficiency, respectively. However, creating full-fledged maintenance and operational infrastructure at multiple locations is resource intensive and therefore, air forces all over the world create these facilities at restricted number of locations for optimal operations,” Group Captain Kishore Kumar Khera, a serving fighter pilot of the Indian Air Force with 31 years of operational service, told Sputnik.

    As country did not create required support facility for recce systems along the China border, air-to-air refueling by utilizing IL-78 refueler aircraft became essential for recce missions in these areas.

    Excerpt ends. Read full article at Sputnik news.

    It goes without saying that enough is not being done to prevent the tax rupee from going down the drain. This oversight needs immediate attention and there should be a complete audit and failures should be dealt with a strong hand. IAF should assess which assets apart from the fleet tankers are in a similar situation and do a proactive remedy instead of waiting on another CAG report.